Recent decades have seen the emergence of alarming new threats to health, including Ebola and, most recently, COVID-19. At the same time, re-emerging infections such as yellow fever provide an ever-present threat of outbreaks. Wherever animals and humans live in close association, the risk that pathogens jump species barriers will persist. As well as new vaccines and treatments, these threats to health require a strong focus on surveillance and preparedness, so new threats can be detected and responses launched as rapidly as possible.
Non-intervention- specific topics